Coast and islands
The Croatian coastline
together with its islands is one of the most indented coastlines in the world. Of 1244 islands, islets, cliffs and reefs
that have remained following the dramatic rise in the level of the Adriatic sea around 13.000 years B.C., today only 50 are inhabited.
This wealth of islands and islets
attracts travelers from all over the world. Kayakers and yachtsmen never fail to be delighted by the smaller isles and their romantic atmosphere, and by the relaxed way of life. Many island towns please the senses with their beautiful architecture and atmosphere, ancient monuments, the art in stone and wood.
is the highest and third largest island in Adriatic. It is well known by its stone which was used in the construction of many important sites in the world. The most popular island destination, town Bol, is a recognized surf center that offers also a rich variation of other sport activities like diving, kayaking, parasailing... Next to Bol you can find one of the most beautiful beaches on the Adriatic – sandy beach Zlatni rat. One interesting fact is that the peak of the beach changes its positionas a result of the waves and underwater currents. The cultural and strategic center of the island is Supetar, the second biggest tourist destination. Besides the tempting beaches, during the summer you can enjoy a number of cultural manifestations as part of the organisation „Supetar Summer“. Other interest activities are paragliding from Vidova gora, hunting in the upper parts of the island, hiking trips to Dragonjina cave and desert Blaca. According to the Guardian magazine, all of the before mentioned activities make the island ideal for adrenaline lovers because the vast range of sports can be found on the island as a part of the standard tourist offer. Brač is also know for its cheese, lamb and fish, brandy and Plavac Bol (famous wine).
is the longest and sunniest island in the Adriatic and is considered to be one of the most beautiful islands in the world. The economy of the island is based on tourism, fishing and extensive cultivation of olives, rosemary and lavander. The most known destinations on the island and further are Hvar, Jelsa, Stari Grad, Ivan Dolac, Sveta Nedjelja, Vrboska and Sućuraj. The first on the list is town Hvar, an eclectic mix of cultural and historical heritage mixed with beautiful architecture and very exciting nightlife. Behind Hvar comes Jelsa, a very popular destination not only for its beaches but for the sporting activities also. Sport lovers can enjoy cycling, trekking and mountain hiking, free climbing, diving, tennis and numerous other activities. Lively nightlife in the town of Hvar, Pakleni islands next to it, sandy beaches near Jelsa, heavenly beaches under pine trees in Zavala, exotic atmosphere of south cliffs in Ivan Dolac, Sveta Nedilja and Milna are very well known around the world. Enjoying a ride through the lavander fields near Gdinj and Bogomolje or going in quiet hidden bays around Sućuraj is also possible for those who wish to enjoy a more relaxing holiday.
is an island with more than two hundred archeological sites, which reveal the history of the island: prehistoric information, Roman sarcophagi, fishpond remains of the Roman emperor Diocletian together with beautiful old castles. But above all Šolta is known for its idyllic surroundings. The economy of the island is based on vineyards, olives, fruit, fishing and tourism. The most important coastal settlements are Maslinica, a good shelter for smaller boats; Rogač, the main port and Nečujam.
is known for its beautiful nature with sandy and pebble beaches, diverse tourist offer, fishermen and sailors. Two major island centers are towns Vis and Komiža. Town Vis is located on the north – east side of the island in a naturally protected bay. In its surrounding you can find numerous archeological remains and the cultural – monumental heritage of a newer age. Komiža, as a typical mediterranean town with little narrow streets, stone houses and mild climate is found in a deep bay. The population is mainly involved on wine cultivation and fishery. Sport lovers can enjoy a vast offer of activities throughout the entire island like sailing, paragliding, cycling, tennis, basketball etc. Don't forget to taste the indigenous wines, such as white Vugava, red Plavac mali and brandy Rogačica. Southwest of the island Vis you can find the island Biševo with many caves ''chiseled'' into the steep coasts, among which stands out Modra špilja.
is found on our list of islands although it is a peninsula in its real nature. Some indeed call it an island because it is separated from Korčula with a very narrow channel. It is still not overly exposed as a tourist destination but is by far known for its wine, sea shells and salt manufacturing. Wineyards that spread throughout the entire peninsula bear the fruits that make the famous wines Postup and Dingač. On the other hand, all of the three island specialties are found in one place, town Ston. It represents a small medieval town dating from 14th century with the longest stone wall in Europe (5,5 km), numerous refined properties and traces of ancient cultures. For adrenaline lovers we recommend visiting Žuljane, Trpanj and Orebić as centers for cycling, hiking and diving activities.
is an island rich in renaissance history and famous for its stone cutters, sailors and ship builders. It is a known fact that Marko Polo, italian trader and writer, descends from this island. His family house is still found on the island, even to this day. During the summer you can find indigenous music recitals, Moreška (dancereinactment of knight battles with swords) as a reminder of historical sieges under the walls of Korčula and numerous religious processions. The tradition of ship building and stone cutting is fortunately still continuing. Besides these trades, the population is involved also in wine cultivation, so that today Korčula has some of the finest wines as Pošip and Grk. Two of the other well known destinations on the island are Lumbarda and Vela Luka.
is the biggest island in the Dubrovnik archipelago and by far the most scenic one in the Adriatic. It is also called the „green island“ because of its lush mediterranean vegetation. A similarity with Lastovo is that over 70 % of the island′s surface is forested. The first inhabitants were the Illyrians who came 4000 years ago. Mljet is 37 km long, 3 km wide and it covers a 100,4 km² area. Babino Polje is one of the oldest and largets villages on the island and as such represents theisland′s center. It is situated under the hills Veliki and Mali Grad. The island′s biggest features are it′s untouched nature,sandy beaches, mediterranean vegetation and the salt lake.It doesn't have crowded beaches, so a peaceful corner by the sea orlake can be found on the sandy beach Saplunara, Blace bay and on the pebble beach Sutmiholjska. One curiosity by which the island is known in croatian terms is by its inhabitation with mongoose in 1911. This was performed in order to get rid of the poisonous snakes which were a big problem for the population then. On the west side of the island you can find the national park „Mljet“. It is the oldest national park on the Adriatic. This special status was awarded in order to protect its rich flora and fauna ,sweet and salt lakes (Malo and Veliko jezero), historical and cultural heritage, all topped with the beautiful indented coastline with numerous islets and cliffs.St. Mary′s benedictine monestary is found on an islet within the lake Veliko jezero. The most interesting attraction on the island Mljet is the Odysseus′ cave found in the vicinity of Babino Polje. The legend says that Odysseus spent here 7 years after his shipwreck longing for home and his beloved wife while watching the open sea.
LASTOVO is one of the most forested Croatian islands - over 70% of the area is under deep shade. Perfect for a vacation in harmony with untouched nature while enjoying superb cuisine and selection of wines and olive oils. While visiting Lastovo you can sightsee the remains of Illyrian habitats, numerous 11th ct. sacral monuments, rustic villas dating from greek and roman times and christian chapels. Town Lastovo is perhaps one of the most beautiful sites on the Adriatic coast. The whole village is a protected culture site. Bays Skrivena Luka and Zaklopatica are ideal for navigators. Maybe one interesting fact is that the island′s surface is 46 km² and it has 46 fields and 46 churches on it with 46 islets surrounding it.
Winds on the Adriatic are named according to the direction from which
they blow. The most common winds are the bura (NE) and jugo (SE).
Weather conditions in the Adriatic are determined by movement of
cyclones over Southern Europe and the Mediterranean. The usual direction
movement of cyclones is from west to east. Light to moderate winds with
few storms last until June, while in July and August prevail stable
weather conditions, although there is the possibility of more frequent
storms. From September the wind strength is increasing
The bura is a dry and cold north-eastern wind which blows from the
mainland. Brings bright weather. Blows mostly in winter, while in summer
it can last for two days. Bura blows in gusts and starts quite
suddenly. Waves are low, short and irregular. It is strongest in the
Velebit Channel and the Gulf of Trieste.
Jugo is a warm and humid south-eastern wind which blows from the sea. It
occurs during cloudy and rainy weather and develops high waves, up to 5
meters. Blows throughout the Adriatic. It’s not sudden like the bura
and often blows steadily. It is strongest in the southern Adriatic. Can
last three days, while in winter nine days.
Maestral is a north-western wind and it's characteristic for nice and
stable weather. Blows from the sea, mostly in the summer. It is created
by the differences in temperature between the mainland and sea. Usually
starts blowing around 9 or 10 in the morning, reaches its highest
strength in the afternoon at about 5, and fades at sunset.The maestral
can reach force 5 to 6 beaufort.
Tramontana is a type of bura which blows from north. It is a local, cold
and dry, short-term wind but not so strong and gusty as bura. It’s
stronger in the south parts of the Adriatic.
Levant is a type of bura which blows from east. It’s a short-termed
wind, which blows steadily, without gusts. In winter it is often
followed by rainy weather and low temperatures, while in summer in sunny
and stable weather sometimes blows in the early morning through
channels in between the mid Dalmatian islands.
Pulenat blows from the west. It is a rare, transient, short-termed, cold and dangerous wind. Brings short but abundant rain.
Lebić blows from the south-west. It is a stormy wind which carries
showers, creates huge waves and lack of visibility. Particularly strong
during winter and autumn, and because of its huge waves and sudden
appearing it is dangerous for unprepared and unprotected boats.